Ho Chi Minh
- (Nguyen Tat Thanh And Nguyen Ai Quoc)(1890–1969)Ho Chi Minh was founder and leader of Vietnamese communism and first president of North Vietnam. Born at Kim-Lien in central Vietnam, Ho developed his politics when he lived in Europe. In 1919 he sent a petition asking for Vietnamese independence to the Versailles Peace Conference and in 1920 he joined the French Communist Party. From 1922 to 1924 Ho worked in Moscow with the Comintern, where he pressed for acknowledgement and support of anti-colonial revolutionary movements. In 1925 he returned to Vietnam and in 1930 established the Indochinese Communist Party. He represented the Comintern in Hong Kong until he was arrested by British police in 1931 and imprisoned until 1933. After several years back in the Soviet Union, Ho returned to China as an adviser with the Chinese Communist military, before helping to create the Vietnamese independence movement that fought the Japanese occupying troops.In 1945 he led the communists in the August revolution that allowed the communists to seize power and to create the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) with Ho as president. Fighting continued against the French (the colonial power in Vietnam before the Japanese invaded) until 1954 when the French were decisively beaten in the battle of Dien Bien Phu. An armistice was signed dividing the country into a communist north and non-communist south. After several years of peace, war resumed, this time against the south, which was supported by the United States. The conflict was a protracted one with the United States pouring in more and more resources but unable to defeat the DRV forces (the Vietminh). Eventually the United States’ commitment weakened followed by the withdrawal of support from the south and subsequent victory for North Vietnam and the reunification of the country in 1975.Ho was in many respects pragmatic rather than ideological, and sought to combine nationalism and internationalism in his patriotic communism. He favored strong links with the Comintern and other anti-colonial movements, and at the same time endeavored to adapt communism to Vietnamese conditions.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
CHI MINH — … Useful english dictionary
Ho Chi Minh — For other uses, see Ho Chi Minh (disambiguation). Hồ Chí Minh Portrait c. 1946 Chairman of the Workers Party of Vietnam In office 19 February 1951 – 2 Septem … Wikipedia
Ho-Chi-Minh — Stadt Basisdaten Region: Südost Geografische Lage … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ho Chi Minh — (vietnamesische Schreibweise Hồ Chí Minh ( anhören?/i) (Hán nôm: 胡志明; * 19. Mai 1890; † 2. September 1969) war ein vietnamesischer Revolutionär und Politiker, Premierminister (1945 1955) und Präsident (1955 1969) der Demokratischen Republik… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hồ Chí Minh — Ho Chi Minh im Jahre 1946 Hồ Chí Minh (Aussprache: [hò̤wcǐmiŋ]; … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ho Chi Minh — Hô Chi Minh Hồ Chí Minh Ho Chi Minh proclame l indépendance du Viêt Nam à Hanoï, le 2 septembre 1945 … Wikipédia en Français
Hô-Chi-Minh — Ville Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saigon. Situation de Hô Chi Minh Ville … Wikipédia en Français
Hô Chi Minh — Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh, portrait de 1946 Mandats 1er président de la République démocratique du Viêt Nam … Wikipédia en Français
Ho Chi Minh — /hoh chee min / 1890? 1969, North Vietnamese political leader: president of North Vietnam 1954 69. * * * orig. Nguyen Sinh Cung born May 19, 1890, Hoang Tru, Viet. died Sept. 2, 1969, Hanoi President (1945–69) of the Democratic Republic of… … Universalium
Hồ Chí Minh — 1er Presidente de la República Democrática de Vietnam 2 de septiembre de 1945 – 2 de septiembre de 1969 … Wikipedia Español
Ho Chi Minh — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ho Chi Minh 1erPresidente de la República Democrática de Vietnam 19 de mayo de 1954 … Wikipedia Español